Approved Backflow Prevention Devices

Only two types of backflow preventers are acceptable under the Utilities Kingston Cross Connection Control Program (CCCP) for premise isolation:

  • Reduced Pressure Principle (RP)
  • Double Check Valve Assembly (DCVA)

Reduced Pressure (RP)

Reduced Pressure BFD
  • two independently acting check valves separated by a reduced pressure zone
  • installed as a unit between two shut-off valves
  • each check valve is fitted with a test cock for periodic testing
  • can be used for health hazards (i.e., toxic material) and severely hazardous connections (i.e., hospitals, morgues, medical/dental facilities, industrial or chemical plants)

Double Check Valve Assembly (DCVA)

Double Check Valve Assembly BFD
  • two internally loaded check valves, force-loaded or internally weighted
  • if one check valve fails to close the other will prevent backflow
  • each check valve is fitted with a test cock for periodic testing
  • can be used for all non-health hazards (non-toxic) connections (i.e., fire sprinkler, irrigation systems)

The following types of backflow prevention devices are typically used for zone or fixture isolation. They are not suitable for premise isolation because they are not testable or because they have limited protection levels (or both). Since the Utilities Kingston’s Cross Connection Control Program is for premise isolation only, these BFDs are not acceptable under the program.

Atmospheric Vacuum Breaker (AVB)

Atmospheric Vacuum Breaker BFD
  • one of the simplest and least expensive backflow prevention devices
  • available in half-inch to three-inch pipe sizes
  • must be installed vertically and be at least six inches higher than the downstream piping for proper operation
  • device cannot be used under constant pressure and cannot be tested
  • can only be used to prevent back siphonage, not back pressure
  • can be used for irrigation systems, commercial dishwasher and laundry equipment, chemical tanks, and laboratory sinks

Pressure Vacuum Breaker (PVBA)

Pressure Vacuum Breaker BFD
  • an outgrowth of the atmospheric vacuum breaker
  • can only be used to prevent back siphonage, not back pressure
  • can be used under constant pressure and can be tested

Hose Connection Vacuum Breaker (HCVB)

Hose Connection Vacuum Breaker BFD
  • a spring-loaded check valve that seals against an atmospheric outlet when the water supply is turned on
  • the HCVB vents to atmosphere when it is turned off, protecting against back siphonage conditions

Dual Check Value (DuC)

Hose Connection Vacuum Breaker BFD
  • two independently acting, spring loaded check valves
  • usually does not have shutoff valves and may or may not be equipped with test cocks
  • should only be used to isolate non-health hazards and is intended for single family homes