Water Conservation Garden

Conservation GardenCome take a tour of Utilities Kingston’s award-winning Water Conservation Garden at 1211 John Counter Boulevard and discover the secrets of growing a garden that only needs to be watered in the driest of times! Also, learn what else you can do to protect the water resource we all depend on.

We host a free 15-minute guided tour at 10:30 AM Monday through Friday, from mid-May until the end of August. We also invite you to visit anytime during daylight hours and just wander around at your own pace. The garden has lots of informative signs to introduce you to the over 100 different types of plants you will find there.

There are over 30 garden areas in Water Conservation Garden, as shown on the map below.

GardenPlan-1-2015-746x451.jpg

Each plant in the list below includes the garden area in which it lives. See if you can find your favourite plant when you visit!

If you do visit, you may want to print this page and bring it with you for your walk through the garden.

Things You Should Know About Smart Gardening and Landscaping

Review Nearly
100 Conservation Tips

Visit our Conservation Tips page for other ways to save water, energy, & money.

The following Utilities Kingston web pages contain helpful background information and practical tips for managing your garden in a water-friendly way.

Treated Water Use Outdoors

Reducing the amount of treated water used outdoors during the summer is an important part of water-wise gardening. Learn more by visiting Summer Use Water Restrictions.

Plants in the Water Conservation Garden

Terms Used in the Plant List

SunPartial sunBright shadeShade-loving
Full sun; plants in this category do still benefit from shading of the soil and roots to lower temperature and slow evaporation 3/5 to 4/5 of sunlight hours in direct sun 2/5 of sunlight hours in direct sun Deep shade to very little sun

Dry soilWell-drained moist soilMoist soilWet roots
Soil that is usually dry, meaning at higher elevation or high sand content or both Soil that holds moisture but also allows oxygen to penetrate to the roots. Ideal for most plants. Achieved through a combination of high organic content and earthworms.
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Sunshine Requirements

Preferred Soil Conditions

Drought Tolerance

128 plants

  • Preferences

    Characteristics

    Care

  • Trillium

    Trillium grandiflorum

    Garden area: 6

    Image currently not available.
    Sun preference:
    Shade

    Soil preference:
    Well-drained, moist soil

    Drought tolerant:
    Moderately
    Ontario's provincial flower. Three leaves, with three large white petals and yellow centres. Flowers in early spring. Can grow up to 18"/46 cm tall.
    Apply compost annually. Keep well-watered until established.
  • Sweet Woodruff

    Galium odoratum

    Garden area: 10, 13

    Sweet Woodruff
    Sun preference:
    ,Shade

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Bright green star-like leaves with delicate white flowers in spring. Excellent ground cover for shady areas, but can be invasive. 10-20 cm/4-8" tall.
    Trim off 2" after bloom to promote bushiness. Keep back from other plants. Easily divided.
  • Perennial Phlox

    Phlox paniculata

    Garden area: 10, 11, 12

    Perennial Phlox
    Sun preference:
    ,Shade

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    60 cm/24" high stalks with white-light pink blooms in August. Can be invasive, but good for erosion control.
    Dead head to promote second bloom. Manage spread.
  • Geranium Macrorrhizum/ Bigroot Cranesbill

    Geranium macrorrhizum

    Garden area: 4, 7, 27, 28, 30, 32, 35

    Geranium Macrorrhizum/ Bigroot Cranesbill
    Sun preference:
    ,Shade

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Deep green, serrated foliage with delicate pink flowers in late spring. Popular as a ground cover, it spreads nicely in a mounding habit. Attracts beneficial insects. Grows about 25-30 cm/10-12" high.
    Needs only occasional watering during dry summers. Can be split and replanted easily.
  • Buttonbush

    Cephalanthus occidentalis

    Garden area: 39

    Buttonbush
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Wetland shrub featuring unusual white globular flowers. Leaves are dark green, and sometime shiny. Blooms mid-summer to fall. Can grow up to 3m/9' tall.
    Carefree
  • Bittercress

    Cardamine hirsuta

    Garden area: Creekside

    Image currently not available.
    Sun preference:
    Partial sun

    Soil preference:
    Wet roots

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    A self-seeding annual or biannual wildflower with many small, rounded leaves that form a low bushy look. Flowers are small and white. Grows to a maximum of 30 cm/12" tall.
    Carefree, but hard to eradicate once present in garden/lawn.
  • Yellow Meadow Rue

    Thalictrum flavum

    Garden area: 39

    Yellow Meadow Rue
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Lacy, blue-grey foliage with tall stalks featuring large, cloud-like sprays of tiny lemon yellow flowers. Blooms early to mid-summer. 40–100 cm/16–40" tall.
    Carefree
  • Water Avens

    Geum rivale

    Garden area: 10, 16

    Water Avens
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Reddish-brown flowers from early sping until fall on tall stems. Flowers often described as 'nodding'. Seed pods are burr-like. 25–50 cm/10–20" tall.
    Grows best beside water. Remove seed pods to prevent spreading, if desired.
  • Variegated Sedge

    Carex (?)

    Garden area: 6, 13, 34, 39

    Variegated Sedge
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Thin, delicate leaves reminiscent of a palm tree. Green and white striped. Forms clumps and is non-invasive. 6-12" high.
    Remove or cut back dead leaves in spring to make way form new growth.
  • Variegated Sea Oats

    Chasmanthium latifolium ‘River Mist’

    Garden area: 6

    Variegated Sea Oats
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Clumps of stems with green and white striped bamboo-like leaves. Flower heads looks like oats and are straw-coloured. Blooms late summer to early-fall. Grows 75-90 cm/29-35" tall.
    Very easy to care for, will tolerate most sun and soil conditions.
  • Variegated Japanese Sedge 'Silver sceptre'

    Carex morrowii

    Garden area: 6

    Variegated Japanese Sedge 'Silver sceptre'
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Cream and green variegated blades are delicate and form a shapely mound. Grows 30-46 cm/12-18" tall with a similar spread.
    This sedge will also do well in full sun. Can be propagted by division.
  • Turtlehead 'Hot Lips'

    Chelone lyonii 'Hot Lips'

    Garden area: 16, 31, 39

    Turtlehead 'Hot Lips'
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Individual shoots with spires of pink flowers that resemble turtles' heads with their mouths open. Starts blooming in late summer. Grows 90-100 cm/36-40" tall.
    Carefree
  • Solomon's Seal

    Polygonatum commutatum

    Garden area: 30-35

    Solomon's Seal
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Tall arching stems with dangling leaves and small white, bell-shaped flowers in late spring. Flowers become interesting looking black berries later in the season. 90-120 cm/35-47" in height.
    Can be slow to establish, but once established low-maintenace and long lived. Can be divided in the fall.
  • Silky Dogwood

    Cornus obliqua

    Garden area: 39

    Silky Dogwood
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Deciduous shrub with red stems with green bottom that ages to white. Berries turn from white to blue in fall. Birds enjoy the berries. Can grow up to 3 m/9' tall.
    Prune as desired.
  • Lily of the Valley

    Convallaria majalis

    Garden area: 12, 16

    Lily of the Valley
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Broad lance-shaped leaves with small, white, bell-like flowers in early spring. Very fragrent. Poisionous if ingested.Grows to about 20 cm/8" tall.
    Known to take over garden areas, so watch for spread or keep in a contained area.
  • Japanese Painted Fern

    Athyrium niponicum

    Garden area: 11, 12, 30

    Japanese Painted Fern
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Beautiful, delicate pale green and purple fronds. Grows up to 45 cm/18" tall, with a 60 cm/24" spread.
    Plant out of the wind. Mulch over root base to keep soil moist.
  • Hydrangea

    Hydrangea

    Garden area: 27, 32

    Hydrangea
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Waist high bushy foliage with enormous white flowers in early to mid-summer. Water-lovers.
    Trim off flowers when they become unattractive (if desired). Can be tied to support heavy blooms. Consider placing an olla at base of plant.
  • Hakone Grass

    Hakonechloa macra

    Garden area: Throughout

    Hakone Grass
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Elegant yellow and green grass. Grows slowly in clumping manner and is not invasive. 23-35 cm/9-14" tall.
    Mulch to protect in the winter. While it likes moist ground, will not grow in heavy clay/requires well drained soil.
  • Goat's Beard

    Aruncus dioicus

    Garden area: 30, 39

    Goat's Beard
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Large, bushy foliage with creamy white flower plumes in early summer. Excellent for shady creek bank. Grows 120-180 cm /47-70" with a spread of 90-150 cm/35-59".
    Prune as desired.
  • Flamingo Willow

    Salix integra ‘Flamingo’

    Garden area: 36

    Flamingo Willow
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Deciduous, fast-growing shrub. New growth emerges soft pink and white that fades to white variegation in summer. Tough and adaptable. Can grow to 2.4 m x 2.4 m/8' x 8'.
    Trim back to promote bushiness and more pink and white growth.
  • Creeping Rannunculus, Buttercup

    Ranunculus repens

    Garden area: 10, 16

    Creeping Rannunculus, Buttercup
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Small green leaves with double yellow flowers from May to July. Highly invasive ground cover, but great for erosion control. 15-30 cm/6-12" high.
    Keep contained to one area.
  • Canadian Wild Ginger

    Asarum canadense

    Garden area: 13

    Canadian Wild Ginger
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Broad, kidney-shaped leaves form low-lying ground cover. Flowers are unusual purple-brown colour and bloom in late spring. Extensive history of medicinal use by Native Americans. 10-15 cm/4-6" tall.
    Can take a couple years to settle into place before beginning to spread as a ground cover.
  • Bugbane

    Cimicifuga …

    Garden area: 4, 6

    Bugbane
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Dark purple-black, fern-like foliage on woody stems with tall spikes of fragrant, white flowers in late summer/fall. Slow growing, but thrives in woodland conditions. Can grow up to 1.2 m/4' tall.
    Carefree
  • Boneset, Thoroughwort

    Eupatorium perfoliatum

    Garden area: 39

    Boneset, Thoroughwort
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Stout, erect plant with large leaves and small white flowers. Used historically for treating fever and influenza. Important food source for butterflies. Flowers early summer until fall. Grows up to 1 m/40" tall.
    Carefree
  • Blue Zinger Sedge

    Carex glauca

    Garden area: 10

    Blue Zinger Sedge
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Steel-blue grassy blades with a delicate texture and mounding growth habit. Can be used as a ground cover. 20 cm/8" tall with spread of 25 cm/10".
    Low maintenance. Clean-up in spring to encourage new growth.
  • Astilbe 'Bressingham Beauty'

    Astilbe × arendsii ‘Bressingham Beauty’

    Garden area: 39

    Astilbe 'Bressingham Beauty'
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Medium green leaves form attractive mounds of bold foliage with tall arching plumes of salmon-rose flowers. Blooms early to mid summer. Grows 90-100 cm / 35-39" tall.
    Carefree. Divide every 3-4 years. Will not bloom as spectacularly in full shade.
  • Aster, Heartleaf

    Aster ciliolatus

    Garden area: 39

    Aster, Heartleaf
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Low heart-shaped leaves with light purple, daisy-like flowers blooming in late summer and early fall. 60-90 cm/23-35" tall.
    Carefree
  • Aster, Flat-topped white

    Doellingeria umbellata

    Garden area: 39, and throughout

    Aster, Flat-topped white
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Lance-shaped leaves with prominent veins. White flowers all grow at the same height creating a "flat top". Grows 100-150 cm/39-59" tall.
    Carefree
  • Wild Catnip

    Nepata cataria

    Garden area: throughout

    Wild Catnip
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Silvery-green, heart-shaped leaves on square stems with light purple flowers in early summer. Wild, self-seeding annual. Makes cats frisky, also edible for humans. Grows 50–100 cm/ 20–39" tall.
    Carefree
  • White cranesbill

    Geranium sanguineum 'Album'

    Garden area: Throughout

    White cranesbill
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Low-growing mound of green foliage with small white flowers in spring. Good ground cover. Spreads by rhizomes. Up to 45 cm/18" tall.
    Deadhead after flowering. Monitor for spread.
  • Weigela Florida ‘Carlton Ghost’

    Weigela florida 'Carlton'

    Garden area: 32, 34

    Weigela Florida ‘Carlton Ghost’
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Deciduous shrub with pale green-yellow foliage. Cherry red blossoms in spring continuing sporadically throughout summer. Leaves turns iridescent butter yellow as summer progresses. Grows to 1.2-1.5m/4-5' with similar spread.
    Prune lightly after flowering to promote rebloom. Keep well watered in extreme heat.
  • Violet, purple

    Viola cucullata

    Garden area: 36, 37

    Violet, purple
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Wildflower with heart shaped leaves and small purple flowers in spring. This is the provincial flower of New Brunswick. Grows to about 20 cm/8" tall.
    Cut out seed pods if you wish to prevent extensive self-seeding.
  • Variegated Japanese Sedge 'Evergold'

    Carex hachijoensis

    Garden area: 2, 13

    Variegated Japanese Sedge 'Evergold'
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Cascading clump of narrow, creamy yellow and green striped leaves. Grows up to 30 cm/12 inches tall.
    Mulch in the winter.
  • Tiarella/Foam Flower

    Tiarella

    Garden area: 5, 7, 13

    Tiarella/Foam Flower
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Low mound of serrated, purple veined leaves with delicate flowers on a foot tall spike in spring. Can be used as a ground cover.
    Deadhead regularly. Easily split and transplanted.
  • Snowdrop Anemone

    Anemone sylvestris

    Garden area: 5,6,10,12,14,16,17

    Snowdrop Anemone
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Low mound of foliage with delicate, small white flowers in spring. Excellent ground cover, but can also be quite invasive. Grows 30-45 cm/12-18" high.
    Keep back from other plants/watch for spread. Cut of seed heads to prevent self-seeding.
  • Royal Fern

    Osmunda regalis

    Garden area: Multiple locations on the banks

    Royal Fern
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Lovely green fronds with reddish-brown flower plume. 90-150 cm/35-59" tall, with a spread of 60-90 cm/23-35".
    Enjoys evenly moist soil, as in a forest. Plant out of the wind. Enjoys a fresh layer of compost each year.
  • Purple Labrador Violet

    Viola labradorica

    Garden area: 6

    Purple Labrador Violet
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Forms a low mound of purple-tinged leaves with light purple flowers in the spring. Often used in rock gardens and can work as a ground cover. 5-10 cm /2-4" high with a spread of 15-20 cm/6-8".
    Can be divided every 2-3 years. Will self-seed.
  • Lungwort

    Pulmonaria

    Garden area: 12

    Lungwort
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Dark green leaves with white 'milk' spots. Attractive pink-purple spring flowers. 20-25 cm/8-10" tall with a spread of 45-60 cm/18-23".
    Divide late spring after blooming, or in early fall.
  • Lamium 'White Nancy' / Dead Nettle

    Lamium maculatum 'White Nancy'

    Garden area: 12, 35

    Lamium 'White Nancy' / Dead Nettle
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Low-lying ground cover with variegated white-grey-green leaves and white flowers on a short spire. Very pollution tolerant, and very adaptable. Can be invasive, watch for spread. 10-15 cm/4-6" tall.
    Can be cut back at any time. Can be divided in spring or fall.
  • Lamium 'Pink Pewter'/ Dead Nettle

    Lamium maculatum 'Pink Pewter'

    Garden area: 12, 13, 35

    Lamium 'Pink Pewter'/ Dead Nettle
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Low-lying ground cover with variegated green and white leaves. Light pink flowers on a short spire bloom mid-spring through summer. 10-15 cm/4-6" tall.
    Cutting back in spring will promote healthy, compact growth. Can be divided in spring or fall.
  • Jacob's Ladder (Variegated)

    Polemonium caeruleum 'Brise d’Anjou'

    Garden area: 8

    Jacob's Ladder (Variegated)
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Ladder-like arrangement of leaflets with heavy clusters of lavender or white flowers in early summer. Grows to about 60 cm/24" tall.
    Deadhead to promote rebloom
  • Iris, Siberian 'Caesar's Brother'

    Iris sibirica ‘Caesar’s Brother’

    Garden area: 5, 24, 26, 32, 34–36

    Iris, Siberian 'Caesar's Brother'
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Tall, wide grass like blades with beautiful, large purple flowers in the spring. They thrive in damp soil, and can even live in bogs, though they are still drought-tolerant. 90-100 cm/35-39" tall.
    Cut back dying leaves in the fall. Split when performing poorly in centre.
  • Iris, Siberian

    Iris sibirica

    Garden area: 5, 6, 12, 26

    Iris, Siberian
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Wide grass-like leaves with profuse purple flowers in June. Deep roots are excellent at retaining soil. 85-90 cm/33-35" tall.
    Will grow better if kept moist, but can tolerate dry spells in late summer. Cut back dying leaves in fall.
  • Hosta, multiple varieties

    Hosta

    Garden area: 6, 8, 10, 11, 14, 36, 37

    Hosta, multiple varieties
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Broad, heart-shaped leaves with tall spires of small, white or purple mid-summer flowers. Works well as ground cover in mass plantings. Bloom mid-late summer. About 40-60 cm/16-23" tall with a spread of 105-160 cm/41-62".
    Susceptible to snails and slugs, pick these off by hand. Deadhead flowers after blooming.
  • Geranium 'Hocus Pocus'/ Meadow Cranesbill

    Geranium pratense ‘Hocus Pocus’

    Garden area: 25, 26

    Geranium 'Hocus Pocus'/ Meadow Cranesbill
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Dark red-purple leaves with pastel purple blooms early to mid summer. 30-40 cm/12-16" tall.
    Easily divided in spring or fall. Trim back to 4" after blooming.
  • Frost Aster

    Symphyotrichum pilosum

    Garden area: 24, 36

    Frost Aster
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Ridged green leaves with tall flower stalks that bloom profusely for months. Stems are fuzzy and appear 'frosted'. Self seeding annual. About 1 m/3.5' tall.
    Cut off spent flowers to prevent self-seeding.
  • Diablo Ninebark

    Physocarpus opulifolius 'Monlo'

    Garden area: 26, 34

    Diablo Ninebark
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Deciduous shrub with purplish-green foliage and interesting peeling bark. White flowers in June turn into bright red seed pods. Attracts birds, bees, and butterflies. 2.4 m/8' high with a similar spread.
    Prune out 1/3 of bush in fall. Susceptible to mildew; if spotted, remove and dispose of affected leaves.
  • Creeping Phlox

    Phlox subulata

    Garden area: 15, 17, 18, 21

    Creeping Phlox
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Low mound of dark green needle-like leaves with a profusion of small purple, pink, or white flowers in spring. Excellent ground cover. Disease resistant. 10 cm/4" high.
    Shave off top 2" after blooms finish. Can be split when large enough.
  • Corydalis

    Corydalis …

    Garden area: 10

    Corydalis
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Delicate bunchy leaves with hanging yellow flowers all summer. A woodland plant that self-seeds. Grows 30 cm/12" tall.
    Deadhead to promote new blooms.
  • Coral Bells 'Ruby Bells'

    Heuchera sanguinea 'Ruby Bells'

    Garden area: 11, 17, 34, 35

    Coral Bells 'Ruby Bells'
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Low mound of round, ruffled green leaves with small spikes of red flowers from early spring to mid-summer. Excellent border plant. Self seeds, but non-invasive. Salt-tolerant. 30-40 cm/12-16" high.
    Deadhead to promote rebloom. Cover with mulch to overwinter.
  • Coral Bells 'Palace Purple'

    Hueracha micrantha

    Garden area: 13, 34, 35

    Coral Bells 'Palace Purple'
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Mound of maple shaped, dark purple leaves with small spikes of creamy white flowers in early summer. Excellent border plant. Self seeds, but non-invasive. Grows 25-50 cm/10-20".
    Avoid winter wetness; mulch to protect.
  • Chocolate Joe Pye Weed/ Chocolate Boneset/ Chocolate Snakeroot

    Eupatorium rugosum ‘Chocolate’

    Garden area: 6, 16

    Chocolate Joe Pye Weed/ Chocolate Boneset/ Chocolate Snakeroot
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Large purple-brown leaves that change to green when fuzzy, white flowers appear in late summer. Attracts butterflies. 90-120 cm/35-47" high.
    Carefree. Easily divided in the spring.
  • Catlin Sedge/Texas Sedge

    Carex texensis

    Garden area: 1, 2

    Catlin Sedge/Texas Sedge
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Very thin, deep green blades that form a low mat of foliage. Flowers appear in late sping. Grows less than 6" tall.
    Can be mowed if desired.
  • Bergenia

    Bergenia cordifolia 'Winter Glow'

    Garden area: 23

    Bergenia
    Sun preference:
    ,Partial sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Large cabbage-like green leaves with pink flowers in spring. Leaves turn a reddish-bronze in the fall. Very hardy. 30-45 cm/12-18".
    Cut out dead leavesand spent flower stalk.
  • Bugleweed

    Ajuga reptans 'Burgundy Glow'

    Garden area: 17, 18

    Bugleweed
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Trailing, variegated burgundy leaves with small, blue flower spikes. A low-growing ground cover that creeps over rocks and can be directed. Can invade lawns, place carefully.
    Can invade lawns, place carefully and keep back from other plants.
  • Willow, Blue Arctic/Basket

    Salix purpurea

    Garden area: 6, 10

    Willow, Blue Arctic/Basket
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Attractive, thin blue-green leaves forming a purplish woody bush. Grows quickly, in an oval formation. Has deep roots and grows well near water. Can grow to 3m/10' if not cut back.
    Cut back to 6-12" in late winter.
  • Swamp Milkweed 'Ice Ballet'

    Asclepias incarnata 'Ice Ballet'

    Garden area: 30

    Swamp Milkweed 'Ice Ballet'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    White, fragrant flowers that bloom June-August. Great for attracting pollinators. Spreads by a slow-growing rhizome, so not invasive and safe to mix into perennial bed. Great as a cut-flower. Grows 120 cm/48" tall.
    Deadhead to promote rebloom.
  • Obedient Plant

    Physostegia virginiana

    Garden area: 20, 27, 32

    Obedient Plant
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Tall single stalks with dark green leaves and pink or white flowers that resemble snap dragons. Called "obedient" because flowers can be turned and will remain in that position. Blooms mid-late summer. Can be invasive. 67-122 cm/24-48" tall.
    Deadhead to encourage second bloom.
  • Milkweed

    Asclepias incarnata

    Garden area: throughout

    Milkweed
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Upright stems with long green leaves and clusters of cherry pink flowers bearing a slight vanilla fragrance. Butterflies love this plant and lay their eggs on it. Blooms mid-summer to early fall. Grows 90-120 cm/35-47" tall.
    Watch for aphids and spray with soap and water.
  • Lobelia ‘Blue Cardinal Flower’

    Lobelia siphilitica

    Garden area: 39

    Lobelia ‘Blue Cardinal Flower’
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Tall stalk of foliage with blue flowers from August to September. Good choice for wet area/rain garden as it loves to have wet feet. Plant grows to 60 cm/24", with flower extending upwards another 30 cm/12".
    Dead head to promote re-bloom.
  • Lobelia ‘Compliment Scarlet’

    LOBELIA x speciosa 'Compliment Scarlet'

    Garden area: 39

    Lobelia ‘Compliment Scarlet’
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Tall spikes of deep red flowers from July to September. Great choice for rain/boggy gardens, but will grow in average conditions as well. Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies. Plant grows to 60 cm/24", with flower extending upwards another 30 cm/12".? all parts poisonous if ingested
    Avoid letting soil dry out. Deadhead to promote re-bloom.
  • Heal-all

    Prunella vulgaris

    Garden area: 10

    Heal-all
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Pointed green leaves with purple flowers from early to late summer. Sometimes considered a weed, but can be used for naturalization and stabilization. 5-30 cm/2-12" high.
    Care-free.
  • Gooseneck Loosetrife

    Lysimachia clethroides

    Garden area: 27, 32

    Gooseneck Loosetrife
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Spires of drooping white flowers July-September on 30-90 cm/1' to 3' tall stalks. Highly invasive, so choose placement carefully. Attracts butterflies. Great cut flower.
    Monitor spread, pull as necessary.
  • Creeping Jenny

    Lysimachia nummularia ‘Aurea’

    Garden area: 18, 19, 20, 28, 35

    Creeping Jenny
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Small round yellow leaves, on creeping, ground-hugging stems. Used as a ground cover. Can be highly invasive. Small yellow flowers in late spring/early summer. Up to 5-10 cm 2-4" high.
    Will turn brown if not kept moist. The more sun it gets, the brighter yellow the leaves will be.
  • Blue Vervain

    Verbena hastata

    Garden area: 3

    Blue Vervain
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Tall stems with toothed, lance-shaped leaves and spikes of attractive purple-blue flowers from mid to late summer. Attracts pollinators and birds feed on the seeds. Spreads via a creeping rhizome, though not aggressively, and also self-seeds. Grows 60-150 cm/2-5' tall.
    Pinching the tops off the plant will encourage branching and bushiness.
  • Yarrow, multiple varieties

    Achillea millefolium

    Garden area: 1, throughout

    Yarrow, multiple varieties
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Aromatic, fern-like foliage with pink and red coloured flowers from early to late summer. Attracts butterflies; deer and rabbit resistant. Foliage can be used as a compost accelerant. 45-70 cm/ 18-27 inches tall.
    Deadhead to promote rebloom. Divide every 3-4 years.
  • Sumac 'Tiger Eye'

    Rhus typhina 'Tigereye Bailtiger'

    Garden area: 31

    Sumac 'Tiger Eye'
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Purple stem with cut-leaf foliage. Chartreuse in spring, yellow in summer, orange-red in fall. Excellent tolerance to pollution. Grows about 1.8 m/6' tall with equal spread.
    Monitor for suckers; this plant can be invasive.
  • Strawberry

    Fragaria vesca

    Garden area: 18

    Strawberry
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Round, serrated leaves with small white flowers turning to in fruit early summer. Spreads via runners. Delicious edible berries. About 30 cm/12" high.
    Requires adequate water to produce fruit.
  • Spirea 'Goldmound'

    Spiraea japonica 'Goldmound'

    Garden area: 32, 34

    Spirea 'Goldmound'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Deciduous shrub with golden-yellow foliage and bright pink flowers from late spring through early summer. Grows about 1 m/3' tall in a dense, rounded manner. Attracts butterflies. Highly pollution tolerant.
    Prune in early spring or after flowering.
  • Speedwell, Golden Creeping

    Veronica prostrata 'Aztec Gold'

    Garden area: 22, 26, 32

    Speedwell, Golden Creeping
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Golden yellow foliage with small blue flowers in spring. Used as ground cover or as a border plant. Grows 10-15 cm/ 4"-6" tall.
    Cut in mid to late June to encourage bushiness. Clean out leaves in spring to allow for new growth.
  • Speedwell 'Georgia Blue'

    Veronica peduncularis ‘Georgia Blue’

    Garden area: 7, 17, 23

    Speedwell 'Georgia Blue'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Small, creeping variegated leaves with purple spires of flowers in spring. Good ground cover; excellent border plant. Up to 15 cm/6" tall.
    Clip or mow finished flowers with a high mower. Clean out leaves in spring to allow for new growth
  • Silver Mound

    Artemisia schmidtiana 'Silver Mound'

    Garden area: 23, 24

    Silver Mound
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Delicate silvery foliage with a mounding habit. Spreads, but is not invasive; can be used as ground cover or edging. Flowers are insignigicant. Grows to 30 cm/12" tall and 45 cm/18" wide.
    Divide every 2-3 years if middle starts to dry out.
  • Sedum 'Angelina'

    Sedum repestre

    Garden area: 22, 23

    Sedum 'Angelina'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Thick, succulent yellow-green leaves with star-shaped yellow flowers in summer. Tips of leaves turn reddish orange in the fall. Grows quickly and often used as a ground cover. About 4" tall.
    Transplant by placing piece of plant in moist soil till rooted.
  • Salvia 'Snow Hill'

    Salvia nemorosa 'Snow Hill'

    Garden area: 22, 23

    Salvia 'Snow Hill'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    White flower spikes atop compact foliage. Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies. Blooms in early summer. 50 cm/20" tall.
    Cut back after flowering to promote rebloom.
  • Salvia 'May Night'

    Salvia nemorosa 'May Night'

    Garden area: 23-25

    Salvia 'May Night'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Deep indigo-blue flower spikes that bloom in early summer. Pest resistant. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. 50 cm/ 20" tall.
    Cut back flowers to just above new buds for re-bloom. Clip back hard after second bloom to rejuvenate foliage.
  • Russian Sage

    Perovskia atriplicifolia

    Garden area: throughout

    Russian Sage
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Pale, grey-green leaves with tiny purple flowers. Very aromatic. Attracts beneficial insects. Self seeds and also spreads via underground roots. Blooms early summer to late fall. Grows up to 1.2 m/4' tall.
    Cut down to 6" before new growth appears in spring.
  • Ribbon Grass

    Phalaris arundinacea ‘Picta’

    Garden area: 38

    Ribbon Grass
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Green and white striped grass that grows 60-90 cm/23-35" tall. Known to be invasive, so plant strategically/in a contained area.
    Cut back hard mid-summer, just as flowers begin to appear, to rejuvenate the foliage. Plants in full sun may experience foliar scorching.
  • Redtwig Dogwood

    Cornus alba 'Elegantissima'

    Garden area: 8, 10, 19

    Redtwig Dogwood
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Deciduous shrub that features variegated leaves and attractive white berries in fall. Red stems provides winter interest. Will grow to a height of 8' with about the same spread. Useful for erosion control on banks.
    Cut stems back to within 3 buds of permanent framework in early spring
  • Red Switch Grass 'Shenandoah'

    Panicum virgatum

    Garden area: 3, 17, 25

    Red Switch Grass 'Shenandoah'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Green blades tinged with dark red. Produces beautiful seed heads starting in August. Grows 90-120 cm (36-48") in height.
    Cut back before new growth appears but after cold weather is over.
  • Red Fortune/Mexican Hyssop

    Agastache Mexicana

    Garden area: 39

    Red Fortune/Mexican Hyssop
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Tall stalks of foliage with red flowers that bloom from July to October. Attracts butterflies. 60-70 cm/23-27" high.
    Care-free
  • Quinine (wild)

    Parthenium integrifolim

    Garden area: 23

    Quinine (wild)
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Broad, lance-shaped leaves with upright stalks with clusters of white, button-like flowers. Blooms late spring through summer. Develops deep taproot, so well-suited for heavier soils. Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies. Also suited for raingardens. Grows 1-1.2 m/3-4' tall.
    Does not like to be transplanted once established, but is easily propagted from seed.
  • Purple Leaf Sandcherry

    Prunus x cistena

    Garden area: 27, 32

    Purple Leaf Sandcherry
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Dark purple leaves with pink-white flowers in spring. Can be used as a shrub or a small tree. Grows 7'-10' tall.
    Prune as needed after flowering to keep upright oval shape.
  • Peony 'Dancing Butterflies'

    Paeonia 'Dancing Butterflies'

    Garden area: 11

    Peony 'Dancing Butterflies'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Forms an upright bush with dark green leaves. Flowers are bright pink with yellow centres. Great for cut-flowers. Blooms late spring. 75-80 cm/29-31" high.
    Should only be moved or divided in the fall. Cut back old stems in the fall to help prevent disease.
  • Pearly Everlasting

    Anaphalis margaritacea

    Garden area: 30, 39

    Pearly Everlasting
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Can grow to up to a meter tall and can eventually bush out equally as wide. Blooms for many weeks from mid-summer through to early fall. Great for dried flower arrangements. Attracts pollinators and is said to repel some insects that gardeners may consider bothersome.
    If you don't want it to self-seed, cut-off seed heads before seeds ripen. (Bonus: the seed heads work well as dried flowers!)
  • Pea, Perennial/Everlasting Sweet Pea

    Lathyrus latifolius

    Garden area: 28

    Pea, Perennial/Everlasting Sweet Pea
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Cousin to the annual sweet peas, with similar clusters of pink-mauve flowers. Sprawling growth habit; can also be trained to climb. Blooms early summer to early fall. Can grow up to 2.4 m/8' tall with a 1 m/3' spread.
    Cut back after flowering to prevent self-seeding.
  • Pearl Yarrow

    Achillea ptarmica

    Garden area: 1, 17

    Pearl Yarrow
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Numerous small white flowers that bloom early summer to fall. Fine, dark green, fern-like leaves. Spreads via rhizomes and also self-seeds. Use as a compost accelerant by putting clippings of the plant into the compost. Height of about 18".
    Monitor for spread.
  • Mullein

    Verbascum thapsus

    Garden area: 25, 26

    Mullein
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    A biennial with rosette of hairy leaves in first year and large yellow flower spike in second year. Plant has a deep tap root and is self seeding. Often considered a weed, but structurally interesting with many medicinal uses. Second year plants grow 1-1.5 m/3-5' tall.
    Monitor for volunteer plants and remove seed heads to prevent self-seeding.
  • Mock Orange

    Philadelphus

    Garden area: 11

    Mock Orange
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Deciduous shrub with woody stems and large, white, orange-blossom-scented flowers in the spring. Can grow up to 6 m/20' tall.
    Blooms on previous years wood so prune right after flowering.
  • Maiden Grass 'Nippon'

    Miscanthus sinensis 'Nippon'

    Garden area: 3

    Maiden Grass 'Nippon'
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Dark green blades with a silver midrib (vein), form ornamental clumps. Leaves turn a red-bronze colour in the fall. Flowers are feathery plumes that appear midsummer. Grows to about 120 cm/4' tall.
    Can be divided in the spring.
  • Maiden Grass 'Gracillimus'

    Miscanthus sinensis 'Gracillimus'

    Garden area: 3

    Maiden Grass 'Gracillimus'
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Green blades form a graceful upright clump. Brown-pink plumes appear in late summer. One of the most popular cultivars of Miscanthus. 150-210 cm/59-82" tall.
    Cut back to the ground in early spring; can also be divided at this time.
  • Lilac 'Miss Kim'

    Syringa pubescens subsp. patula 'Miss Kim'

    Garden area: 25, 26

    Lilac 'Miss Kim'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Smaller and later-blooming than common French lilacs. Will grow to about 4'-9' and spread 5'-7'. Very fragrant, light purple flowers that attract butterflies and hummingbirds. Foliage is burgundy-streaked in the fall. Does not spread in same way as common lilac.
    Dead-heading will increase flowers for following year. Prune after flowering for best results.
  • Lemon thyme

    Thymus citriodorus 'Aureas'

    Garden area: 17

    Lemon thyme
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Tiny, variegated leaves on woody stems with lavender coloured flowers in late summer. Fragrant, edible, and used as a ground cover. Attracts bees and butterflies. Grows about 6" tall.
    Trimming back after blooming can help maintain bushy plant.
  • Lady's Mantle

    Alchemilla mollis

    Garden area: 27, 32

    Lady's Mantle
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Lobed green leaves with silky hairs. Greenish-yellow flowers in early summer for a few weeks. Water beads on leaves and remains for hours, creating a neat effect. Spreads slowly by creeping rhizomes. Often used as a ground cover, or for edging. Blooms early to mid summer. 45 cm/18" tall.
    Cut back hard after bloom to maintain tidy appearance. May be divided in spring or fall.
  • Juniper 'Blue Rug'

    Juniperus horizontalis 'Wiltonii'

    Garden area: 16, 23, 31

    Juniper 'Blue Rug'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Thin, spiky blue-green foliage used as a ground cover. An evergreen. Great for use in rock gardens and to prevent soil erosion on banks. 20 cm/8" high.
    Does not like to have wet roots; pull mulch away from base. Prune dead branches. Easily trained.
  • Japanese Silver Grass

    Miscanthus sinensis 'Variegatus'

    Garden area: 25, 26

    Japanese Silver Grass
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Green and white striped grass grows 1.5-2 m/5-7' tall. Appears to have a silvery appearance from a distance. Long, hot summer required for fluffy red plumes. Grows in a clump that will expand each year.
    Easy to grow; will tolerate a wide variety of soil conditions. Divide in the spring.
  • Hens and Chicks

    Sempervivum

    Garden area: 35

    Hens and Chicks
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Low rosettes of thick, succulent leaves. Mature plants send up spires of yellow flowers. 'Hen' is main plant, surrounded by little 'chicks'. 10 cm/4" tall.
    Easy to transplant off-shoots. Will tolerate partial sun, but full range of colouring will not be displayed.
  • Golden Threadleaf Cyprus

    Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Filifera Aurea Nana'

    Garden area: 23, 24

    Golden Threadleaf Cyprus
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Slow and low growing evergreen that forms an interesting lacey mound. New growth is bright yellow, and older growth darker green. The more sun it gets the more golden its leaves become. Grows 60-90 cm/2-3' tall.
    Very drought tolerant once established; will not tolerate consistently wet soil.
  • Globe Thistle

    Echinops bannaticus 'Taplow Blue'

    Garden area: 4

    Globe Thistle
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Spherical blue heads with multiple tiny blue flowers that pollinators love. Very upright stems, well-suited for back of border plantings. Flowers in July and August. Leaves grow to 24", flowers up to 3'.
    Carefree!
  • Gaillardia/Blanket Flower

    Gaillardia

    Garden area: 27

    Gaillardia/Blanket Flower
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Daisy-like flowers with red petals with yellow tips. Flowers from early summer through the fall. Pollinators love them, and they make great cut flowers. Blooms early summer to fall. 30-45 cm/12-18" high.
    Very low maintenance; will do well in poor soil.
  • Forsythia

    Forsythia suspensa

    Garden area: 27

    Forsythia
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Fast-growing deciduous shrub featuring yellow flowers in early spring. Flowering stems make excellent cuttings for display in a vase. Grows up to 2.4 m/8' tall.
    Prune into shape after flowering. Propagate through cuttings.
  • Flowering Quince 'Pink Lady'

    Chaenomeles Pink Lady'

    Garden area: 27

    Flowering Quince 'Pink Lady'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Deciduous shrub with beautiful pink flowers in early to mid-spring. Grows up to 5' tall.
    Watch for aphids on new growth. Prune if needed after flowering.
  • Flame Grass

    Miscanthus ‘Purpurascens’

    Garden area: 5

    Flame Grass
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Medium green foliage that changes to brilliant orange-flame colour in the fall. Forms a clump, and has tiny plumes that appear above foliage in late summer. Grows up to 1.5 m tall.
    Cut back in late winter. Also tolerates bright shade.
  • Feather Reed Grass/ Karl Foerester Grass

    Calamagrostis acutiflora

    Garden area: 3, 5, 26, 31

    Feather Reed Grass/ Karl Foerester Grass
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Tall graceful foliage delicate wheat-coloured flower spikes in mid-summer. Forms a clump and is not invasive. Grows 4'-5' tall, beautiful garden backdrop.
    Needs water to root depth once every 2 weeks. Cut back in late winter.
  • Evening Primrose

    Oenothera fruticosa

    Garden area: 16, 36, 37

    Evening Primrose
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Upright, mounded plant with pointy, dark green leaves. Flowers are bright yellow and cup-shaped. Spreads readily, can be invasive. Attracts pollinators. Long history of medicinal use. Blooms in early summer. About 45 cm/18" tall.
    Watch for spread. Easy to transplant or divide.
  • Euphorbia 'Chameleon'

    Euphorbia dulcis 'Chameleon'

    Garden area: 23, 24

    Euphorbia 'Chameleon'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Mound of red/green leaves with clusters of yellow-green bracts surrounding true flowers. By mid-summer, foliage is dark purple. Self seeding. 30-75 cm/12"-18" high.
    Cut down by a third after flowering to prevent seeding. Plantings should be divided every few years as older plants may become leggy.? Caution! sap is an eye and skin irritant and toxic if eaten
  • Dwarf Fountain Grass

    Pennisetum alopecuroides 'Cassian'

    Garden area: 5

    Dwarf Fountain Grass
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Clumping, ornamental grass that produces tan bottlebrush plumes in late summer. In the fall, blades become streaked with red and orange. Grows to a height of 60-90 cm/2'-3' tall.
    Plant will not like having 'wet feet'. Cut back in the spring. Can propagate through division.
  • Deutzia 'Nikko'

    Deutzia gracilis 'Nikko'

    Garden area: 21, 35

    Deutzia 'Nikko'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Compact, small-leaved, deciduous shrub. Bears clusters of white flowers in spring. Leaves turn deep red in the fall. Grows to about 60 cm/2' tall and 150 cm/5' wide.
    Apply compost or natural fertilizer in spring just before new growth appears. Periodic thinning of branches will maintain the arching form.
  • Daylily 'Stella D'oro'

    Hemerocallis 'Stella D'oro'

    Garden area: 24

    Daylily 'Stella D'oro'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Tall grassy, green stems with large golden trumpet flowers. Blooms profusely and all summer long. Very adaptable and tolerates urban pollution well. Blooms early summer to early fall. 45-60 cm/ 18-24" tall with similar spread.
    Dead head regularly. Split in spring if overcrowded.
  • Pink Daylily

    Hemerocallis

    Garden area: 25

    Pink Daylily
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Tall, green, grass-like blades with beautiful large pink flowers with yellow centres.Very adaptable and tolerates urban pollution well. Blooms early to late summer. 45-60 cm/ 18-24" tall with similar spread.
    Remove seed heads and finished blooms. can develop rust on leaves, if so cut these off and dispose of in the garbage.
  • Daylily 'Little Wine Cup'

    Hemerocallis'Little Wine Cup'

    Garden area: 24

    Daylily 'Little Wine Cup'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Wide, grass-like blades with dark red flower with yellow centres. Very adaptable and tolerates urban pollution well. Blooms early to late summer. 45-60 cm/ 18-24" tall with similar spread.
    Spent flower stems can be trimmed back after flowers are finished. Remove old foliage in late fall. If needed, split plant in early spring or late fall. Deadhead regularly.
  • Cotoneaster ‘Coral Beauty’

    Cotoneaster dammeri

    Garden area: 18

    Cotoneaster ‘Coral Beauty’
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Small, teardrop leaves with white flowers in the spring and showy red berries in the fall. Evergreen. Used as a sprawling ground cover, can grow up to 30 cm/12" high.
    Prune as needed. Encourage rooting by burying a small section of branch.
  • Coreopsis 'Sunshine'

    Coreopsis pubescens

    Garden area: 23, 26

    Coreopsis 'Sunshine'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Low, compact mound of foliage with yellow flowers blooming in August. Attracts beneficial insects. 45-60 cm/18"-24" tall.
    Deadhead to promote more blooms.
  • Coreopsis 'Moonbeam'

    Coreopsis verticillata

    Garden area: 24

    Coreopsis 'Moonbeam'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Spreading clump of fernlike foliage with creamy yellow flowers in July. Attracts butterflies. 45-60 cm/18"-24" tall.
    Deadhead to promote more blooms. Easily divided.
  • Coreopsis 'Full Moon'

    Coreopsis

    Garden area: 27

    Coreopsis 'Full Moon'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Brought green mound of bushy foliage with bright yellow flowers from early summer to fall. Attracts butterflies. 45-60 cm/18"-24" tall.
    Easy to care for. Deadhead to promote rebloom.
  • Clover, Red and White

    Trifolium

    Garden area: Found throughout

    Clover, Red and White
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Three round green leaves with spherical pink or white flowers if allowed to grow tall. Can be used as a ground cover, and tolerates foot traffic. Fixes nitrogen in the soil and fertilizes when it decomposes. Attracts bees. Blooms all season long. 10-30cm/4-12" tall.
    Mow patches to keep it in check as it will spread.
  • Clematis, multiple varieties

    Clematis

    Garden area: 21

    Clematis, multiple varieties
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Lush green foliage featuring large, long lasting blooms in purples and pinks. Blooms early summer. Climbs nicely up fences and trellises. Height will vary depending on age, health, and how it is trained.
    Likes its roots shaded but leaves in full sun; may need to plant shorter shrub in front, or mulch heavily to keep soil moist.
  • Chokeberry

    Aronia

    Garden area: 27

    Chokeberry
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Classic bushy plant with white spring flowers that become small black berries. Grows about 1.5 m/5' tall with a similar spread.
    Remove older growth every two years or so to prevent the plant from becoming leggy.
  • Chives

    Allium schoenoprasum 'Rising Star'

    Garden area: 22

    Chives
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Ornamental and edible, featuring a short clump of upright leaves topped with 1" rounded clusters of lavender pink flowers. Blooms late spring to early summer. Grows up to 12"/30 cm tall.
    Divide in spring or fall.
  • Catmint 'Walker's Low'

    Nepeta faassenii

    Garden area: 5, 25–27, 32, 34

    Catmint 'Walker's Low'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Mounded, bushy plant with small grey-green fragrant leaves and masses of bright blue flower spikes. Blooms from spring to frost. Extremely deer and pest resistant. Attracts pollinators. Blooms from spring through to fall. 30-45 cm/12-18" tall with similar spread.
    Cut back throughout the season if it gets unruly or to promote rebloom.
  • Burning Bush

    Euonymous alatus

    Garden area: 27, 32

    Burning Bush
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Clusters of finely pointed leaves that droop down from branches. Leaves go bright red in fall. Small white flowers in spring. Grows 1.8-2 m/6-7' tall with similar spread.
    Mostly carefree; prune as needed to maintain shape.
  • Black-Eyed Susan

    Rudbeckia

    Garden area: 7, 24, 27, 32

    Black-Eyed Susan
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Flowers feature yellow petals with black cones. Plant flowers profusely through late summer. Blooms mid-summer through early fall. 60-75 cm/23-29 inches tall.
    Dead-head by cutting back flower stalk to fork where another flower is growing.
  • Bergamot/Beebalm 'Marshall's Delight'

    Monarda didyma

    Garden area: 23-27

    Bergamot/Beebalm 'Marshall's Delight'
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    No
    Upright green foliage with tubular pink flowers. Very fragrant. Vigorous spreader, sometimes considered invasive. Attracts bees, butterflies, and birds. Blooms mid to late summer. Grows 60-120 cm/2-4' tall.
    Can develop mildew; to avoid, thin out plant to allow circulation and spray with mixture of 1 tsp baking powder in 1 gallon water.
  • Bearberry/Kinnikinnick

    Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

    Garden area: 16, 28

    Bearberry/Kinnikinnick
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Small, rounded green leaves; a low, slow-growing ground cover. Evergreen.
    Does not like to be transplanted. Do not fertilize. Does well in sandy soils, and is often used to help control erosion.
  • Baptisa 'Blue False Indigo'

    Baptisia australis

    Garden area: 23-25

    Baptisa 'Blue False Indigo'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Blue-green teardrop leaves with 1m/3 ft tall blue flower spikes in June. Interesting black seed pods rattle in the wind in the fall. Has a deep tap root, making it drought tolerant and a good choice for heavier, clay-based soils. Grows vigorously but not invasively.
    Does not transplant well. Can be pruned down by 1/3 following flowering.
  • Aster ‘Mönch’

    Aster × frikartii

    Garden area: 3

    Aster ‘Mönch’
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Light green, bushy foliage with branching stems and light purple daisy-like flowers. Blooms mid-summer to mid-fall. 60-75 cm/23-29" tall.
    May require staking.
  • Aster, Alpine 'Dark Beauty'

    Aster alpinus 'Dark Beauty'

    Garden area: 8

    Aster, Alpine 'Dark Beauty'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Thin, delicate green foliage with purple daisy-like flowers in spring. Often used as a ground cover in rock gardens. Good cut-flower. Attracts buterflies. Average height 25 cm.
    Deadhead to prevent self-seeding, leave seed heads on if you want it to spread.
  • Anise Hyssop 'Blue Fortune'

    Agastache 'Blue Fortune'

    Garden area: 7, 23, 32, 34, 39

    Anise Hyssop 'Blue Fortune'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Light green foliage with light purple flower spikes that bloom July-September. Self seeding; attracts beneficial insects. Leaves and flowers are edible with licorice-like flavour. Grows 60-90 cm/24-36" tall.
    Prune stems to 6 inches in early spring. Heavy clay can cause wintering problems as plant will not tolerate wet ground. If planting in clay-based soil, put a layer of gravel mixed with sandy soil in hole before planting.
  • Zebra Grass

    Miscanthus sinensis 'Zebrinus'

    Garden area: 21

    Zebra Grass
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:
    ,Dry

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Tall grass with pale horizontal stripes. Foliage grows to 1.5 m/5', plumes to 2 m/7', with spread of 1-1.5 m/3-5'.
    Cut down in late winter.
  • Yucca

    Garden area: 21

    Yucca
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:
    ,Dry

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Long, broad spiky leaves; huge, tall spike with large beautiful flowers. Very sharp spikes, be careful! A deep tap root makes this plant very drought tolerant. Blooms every 2 years.
    Remove debris from plant leaves and cut down flower stalk after bloom
  • Yucca 'Adam's Needle'

    Yucca filamentosa

    Garden area: 21

    Yucca 'Adam's Needle'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:
    ,Dry

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Tall spiky leaves are quite sharp - be careful! Tall stalks support white flowers that bloom every other year. A deep tap root makes this plant very drought tolerant; will not tolerate moist soil. Leaves grow to 1 m/3', flower spikes to 1.5 m/5', with spread of 1.2 m/4'.
    Remove any debris from plant base in the spring. Propagate by cutting offshoots from base of the plant with a sharp knife, getting as much root as possible.
  • Sedum 'Weihenstephaner Gold'/Kamschatka Stonecrop

    Sedum floriferum 'Weihenstephaner Gold'

    Garden area: 6, 23, 32, 34

    Sedum 'Weihenstephaner Gold'/Kamschatka Stonecrop
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:
    ,Dry

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Small, toothed leaves with yellow star-shaped flowers from June to mid-summer. Low lying, trailing ground cover that works well in rock gardens and poor soil conditions. Very versatile plant- will tolerate partial sun and periods of moist soil, just will not do as well.
    No special care required.
  • Sedum 'John Creech'

    Sedum spurium 'John Creech'

    Garden area: 7, 24

    Sedum 'John Creech'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:
    ,Dry

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Shallow-rooted ground cover with small, thick red and green leaves and spikey pink flowers. Blooms early to mid-summer. Salt-tolerant. 15 cm/6" high.
    Propagate by simply placing a cutting into moist soil in May or June
  • Sedum 'Frosty Morn'

    Sedum 'Frosty Morn'

    Garden area: 5

    Sedum 'Frosty Morn'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:
    ,Dry

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Upright sedum with green and white varigated leaves. Flowers are light pink. Grows well in hot, dry conditions. Attracts butterflies. 60-70 cm/23-27" tall.
    Easy to care for. Divide when it begins to die in the centre. Remove mulch away from base of plant to discourage rot
  • Sedum 'Blue Spruce'

    Sedum reflexum

    Garden area: 6

    Sedum 'Blue Spruce'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Blue-green leaves emerge from short stems and look like spruce needles. Works well as a ground cover, and grows quickly. Clusters of yellow flowers appear late spring.
    Can be propagated by burying cuttings to encourage rooting.
  • Sedum 'Autumn Joy'

    Herbstfreude

    Garden area: 4, 22-27

    Sedum 'Autumn Joy'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Light green, rounded leaves on tall stalks with dusty pink, broccoli like flowers. Grows well in hot, dry conditions. Attracts butterflies. Blooms late summer to late fall. Grows up to 60 cm/24 " tall and equally wide.
    Easy to care for. Divide when it begins to die in centre. Cut back halfway when stems reache 8" to promote more flowers.
  • Sea Thrift

    Armeria maritima

    Garden area: 29

    Sea Thrift
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Densely tufted, grass-like leaves that form a clump. Stems extend upwards with pink to lavender flowers in late spring to early summer. Moderately salt-tolerant. Grows 15-30 cm/6-12" tall with a similar spread.
    Will start to rot in the centre with excessive moisture or overly fertile soil. Easily propagated by division. Dead-head to promote new blooms.
  • Rose campion

    Lychnis coronaria

    Garden area: 29, and throughout

    Rose campion
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:
    ,Dry

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Biennial that self-seeds, usually for many years. Forms a low mound of felted silvery-grey leaves, with upright stems producing bright magenta flowers. Blooms early to mid summer. Grows 30-60 cm/12-24" tall.
    Carefree. Easily moved in early spring.
  • Purslane

    Portulaca oleracea

    Garden area: throughout

    Purslane
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Thick leaved, ground hugging succulant; loves walkways. Highest source of Omega 3 of any edible green plant. Often classified as a weed.
    An annual that self-seeds or reproduces from stem pieces.
  • Prairie Dropseed

    Sporobolus heterolepis

    Garden area: 3, 23

    Prairie Dropseed
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Thin blades and open panicles held high above the foliage on delicate stems. Turns burnt orange in fall. Takes four years to start blooming, and then blooms August-October. Forms clumps and is non-invasive. Grows to 30-60 cm/12-24".
    Very low maintenance.
  • Mossy Stonecrop

    Sedum acre L.

    Garden area: 21, 18

    Mossy Stonecrop
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Small ground hugging sedum with yellow flowers in July. Good ground cover, and for use in rock gardens and borders.
    Can be chopped up and mixed with soil to create a ground cover, as bits of stem root at the nodes.
  • Little Bluestem grass

    Schizachyrium scoparium

    Garden area: throughout

    Little Bluestem grass
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Thin blue blades with tiny blue flowers. Clump forming. Colour changes after frost to pruple-red shades. Leaves grow up to 100 cm/40" tall.
    Cut 3"-4" above crown in late winter
  • Lavender Grosso

    Lavandula

    Garden area: 23, 25, 27

    Lavender Grosso
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    The hardiest variety for Kingston-area. Dusty green leaves on grey stem; multitude of purple, fragrant flowers. Blooms early summer-fall. Grows about 50 cm/20 " high.
    Loves dry conditions, so keep mulch away from crown. To encourage lateral branching, pinch plants throughout first year and thereafter in spring. After flowering, cut back plants by one-third. To promote a second round of flowers, cut back the flowering stems just above the vegetative (leafy) part of the plant.
  • Goldenrod

    Solidago canadensisand others

    Garden area: 26, 39

    Goldenrod
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Single stalks can grow up to 2 m/5' high. Yellow flowers in late July to fall. Pollinators love them!
    Carefree
  • Gaura/Whirling Butterflies/Bee Blossom

    Oenothera lindheimeri (Formerly Gaura lindheimeri)

    Garden area: 25, 35

    Gaura/Whirling Butterflies/Bee Blossom
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Loose sprays of pale pink flowers that are great as an accent in the garden. Blooms from late spring throuhg to fall. 90-120 cm/35-47" tall.
    Grows a deep taproot, and thus does not like to be moved once established. Mulch heavily in winter.
  • Daylily 'Nile Crane'

    Hemerocallis 'Nile Crane'

    Garden area: 24

    Daylily 'Nile Crane'
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Long, wide, grass-like blades with large pink flowers with yellow centres. Produces many blooms over the summer. Grows 12-24" or 30-60 cm tall.
    Deadhead spent flowers to promote more blooms. Can develop rust on leaves; dispose of these in the trash only.
  • Creeping Woolly Thyme

    Thymus pseudolanuginosus

    Garden area: 27, 29, 31, 35

    Creeping Woolly Thyme
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Low, fuzzy grey-green mound with small pink flowers in early summer. Used as a ground cover. Grows well in poor soils. Tolerates foot traffic. Moderately fast-growing.
    Will rot if overly wet and shaded. Move mulch away from base to allow spreading.
  • Coneflower

    Echinacea

    Garden area: 24-26

    Coneflower
    Sun preference:

    Soil preference:

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    One of the most popular wildflowers in North America. Blooms mid-summer to mid-fall. Attracts pollinators. Excellent as a cut-flower. 75-120 cm/29-47 inches tall.
    Deadhead to promote rebloom. Plants can be easily divided/moved in the spring.
  • Butterfly Weed

    Asclepias tuberosa

    Garden area: 25-26

    Butterfly Weed
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:
    ,Dry

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Elongated leaves on hairy shoots with large orange blooms from July to September. Pollinators and hummingbirds love it. Self seeds. Grows to 24" or 60 cm.
    Deadhead spent flowers to promote more blooms.
  • Blue Fescue, 'Elijah Blue'

    Festuca glauca

    Garden area: 5, 23-27

    Blue Fescue, 'Elijah Blue'
    Sun preference:
    ,Full sun

    Soil preference:
    ,Dry

    Drought tolerant:
    Yes
    Clump-forming grass with thin blue blades. Retains excellent shape and form. Works well in rock gardens and as a border. Tan spike flowers in early summer. Grows to about 12" or 30 cm.
    Cut back near base in late winter. Pull mulch away from base in spring or it will rot.